grid outreach programme logo and homepage link
header graphic
spacer
spacer emerging business technologies
spacer

Glossary of Terms

This glossary is structured with terms grouped under:

Grid, eScience, etc | ICT, etc | Applications | General

Grid, eScience, etc

 

AccessGrid

An ensemble of resources including multimedia large-format displays, presentation and interactive environments, and interfaces to Grid middleware and to visualization environments.

All Hands Meeting

The forum in which information on e-Science projects in all disciplines can be communicated and capabilities being developed within projects can be demonstrated.

CGI

Common Gateway Interface

CORBA

Common Object Request Broker Architecture – an open vendor-independent architecture and infrastructure that computer applications use to work together over networks.

Condor

A method of networking clusters of workstations and PCs together into “flocks” and harnessing all of their available power

e-Science

The large scale science that will increasingly be carried out through distributed global collaborations enabled by the Internet.

GGF

Global Grid Forum - community-driven set of working groups that are developing standards and best practices for distributed computing.

GLOBUS

Project developing fundamental technologies needed to build computational grids that are persistent environments enabling software applications to integrate instruments, displays, computational and information resources managed by diverse organizations in widespread locations.

GNT

Grid Network Team – advises the e-Science Core Programme on matters related to computer networking.

Grid

An infrastructure that enables flexible, secure, coordinated resource sharing among dynamic collections of individuals, institutions and resources.

GSC

Grid Support Centre – supports all aspects of the deployment, operation and maintenance of Grid middle-ware and distributed resource management for the UK Grid testbeds.

GRAM

Globus Resource Allocation Manager

GSI

Grid Security Infrastructure

IPG

Information Power Grid (NASA)

MDS-2

Meta Directory Service

OGSA

Open Grid Services Architecture – a set of specifications and standards that combine the benefits of Grid computing and Web services

OGSA-DAI

OGSA Data Access and Integration

OGSI

Open Grid Services Infrastructure

Portal

Common interface to different application servers

Semantic Grid

A generically useable e-science infrastructure, comprised of easily deployed components whose utility transcends their immediate application, providing a high degree of easy-to-use and seamless automation and in which there are flexible collaborations and computations on a global scale.

Sun ONE Grid Engine

Handles the needs of Cluster Grids: one user/team/department working together on one project

SuperJANET

JANET extended with high bandwidth backbone

UNICORE

UNiform Interface to COmputing Resources – combines resources of computer centres and makes them available in a seamless and secure way through the Intra- or Inter- net.

WWG

World Wide Grid

ICT, etc

 

API

Application Programming Interface

AR

Augmented Reality – merging of reality and virtual reality

AURA

Advanced Uncertain Reasoning Architecture

BPEL4WS

Business Process Execution Language for Web Services

CBR

Case Based Reasoning

CPU

Central Processing Unit

DSS

Decision Support System

FTP

File Transfer Protocol

GSS-API

Generic Security Service API

HPC

High Performance Computing

HTML

HyperText Mark-up Language

HTTP

HyperText Transfer Protocol

ICENI

Imperial College e-Science Networked Infrastructure

ICT

Information & Communications Technologies

ISP

Internet Service Provider

JANET

Joint Academic Network

J2EE

Java 2 platform Enterprise Edition, for building next generation business infrastructures

Java

An object-oriented, platform-independent, multithreaded, programming environment

Jini

An open architecture that enables software developers to create network-centric services.

JMS

Java Messaging Service

JXTA

A set of open, peer-to-peer, protocols that allow any connected device to communicate and collaborate with any other connected device.

LAN

Local Area Network

LDAP

Lightweight Directory Access Protocol

Metadata

Data that characterises the properties of datasets

MIME

Multipurpose Internet mail Extensions

Ontology

Set of entities related to a theory

Open Software

Software that is not proprietary

PC

Personal Computer

PDA

Personal Digital Assistant (aka Palmtop)

PKI

Public Key Infrastructure

PSE

Problem Solving Environment

RTP

Transport protocol for real-time applications

QUOTE

Neural network based techniques for real-time monitoring applications

RPC

Remote Procedure Call

SOAP

Simple Object Access Protocol

SSL

Secure Sockets Layer

TLS

Transport Layer Security

UDDI

Universal Description, Discovery and Integration

VR

Virtual Reality

WAN

Wide Area Network

Web Services

Software applications and functions that can be delivered over the WWW

WSCI

Web Service Choreography Interface

WSDL

Web Services Description Language

WSIF

Web Services Invocation Framework

WSIL

Web Services Inspection Language

WSRP

Web Services for Remote Portlets

WWW

World Wide Web

X.509

Public Key Infrastructure Standard for certificates issued to individuals by a Certifying Authority

XML

eXtensible Mark-up Language

Applications

 

AOGCM

Atmosphere-Ocean General Circulation Model

CAD

Computer Aided Design

CCD

Charge Coupled Device

CCDC

Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre

CFD

Computational Fluid Dynamics

CSF

CerebroSpinal Fluid

EEG

ElectroEncephaloGram

GENIE

Grid Enabled Integrated Earth Systems Model

Genome

Complement of chromosomes in a nucleus

GSD

Global Species Database

HadCM3

Meteorological Office’s climate model

IPT

Immersive Projection Technology

LFII

Label Free Intrinsic Imaging

LHC

Large Hadron Collider (being constructed at CERN)

LUSI

London University Search Instrument

MDT

Multi Disciplinary Team

MRI

Magnetic Resonance Imaging

NCS

National Crystallographic Service

OPT

Optical Projection Tomography

PET

Positron Emission Tomography

PFC

Protein Folding Chips

Robonet

Network of Robotic Telescopes

SARS

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome

SIMBAD

Astronomical Database

SMF

Standard Mammography Form

SNP

Single Nucleotide Polymorphism

TA

Triple Assessment

USNO A2.0

All Sky Object Catalogue

General

 

BBSRC

Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council

BSI

British Standards Institution

CCLRC

Council for the Central Laboratory of the Research Councils

CERN

European Organisation for Nuclear Research

CLRC

Central Laboratory of the Research Councils

DTI

Department of Trade and Industry

EPCC

Edinburgh Parallel Computing Centre

EPSRC

Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council

eSC

e-Science Centre

ESRC

Economic & Social Research Council

FDA

Food and Drug Administration

IEC

International Electrotechnical Commission

IETF

Internet Engineering Task Force

IPR

Intellectual Property Rights

IRC

Interdisciplinary Research Collaboration

ISO

International Organization for Standardization

JTC1

ISO/IEC Joint technical Committee 1, responsible for IT standards

MRC

Medical Research Council

NAG

Numerical Algorithms Group

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NERC

National Environment Research Council

NeSC

National e-Science Centre

NHS

National Health Service

NSF

National Science Foundation

OASIS

Organisation for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards

OST

Office of Science and Technology

PPARC

Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council

QMUL

Queen Mary, University of London

QoS

Quality of Service

UCL

University College, London

W3C

World Wide Web Consortium

WRG

White Rose Grid

This is an archived website, preserved and hosted by the School of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Edinburgh. The School of Physics and Astronomy takes no responsibility for the content, accuracy or freshness of this website. Please email webmaster [at] ph [dot] ed [dot] ac [dot] uk for enquiries about this archive.